The ability to perceive, understand and manage personal feelings and those of others
Emotional intelligence (EI), like general intelligence, is the product of one’s heredity and its interaction with environmental forces. Salovey and Mayer (1990) coined the term "emotional intelligence" for the first time. Until recently, it is believed that a person’s general intelligence is the greatest predictor of success in all walks of life-academic, social, vocational or professional. Consequently, the I.Q., scores are often used for selection, classification and promotion of individuals in various programs. However, the research supported that a person’s emotional intelligence may be a greater predictor of success.
Importance of EI
Knowing about one’s emotional intelligence in terms of an emotional quotient has wide educational and social implications for the welfare of the individual and the society. Goleman(1995) has stressed the following factors while showing the importance of emotional intelligence.
- Emotional intelligence is as powerful, and at times more powerful than I.Q. While I.Q. contributes only about 20% of success in life, the other forces contribute the rest.
- Unlike I.Q., emotional intelligence, may be the best predictor of success in life.
- We can teach and improve the children and or any individual, some crucial emotional competencies, paving the way for increasing their emotional intelligence and thus making their life more healthy, enjoyable and successful in the coming days.
- In working situations too, emotional intelligence helps more than one’s intellectual potential in terms of one’s I.Q. or even professional skills and competencies. A professionally competent person having poor emotional intelligence may suffer on account of his inability to deal with his self or getting along properly with other.
- A person’s emotional emotional intelligence helps him much in all spheres of life through its various constituents or components namely knowledge of his emotions (self awareness), managing the emotions motivating oneself, recognizing emotions in other (empathy), and handling relationships.
Areas of Emotional Intelligence
EI has four areas which are to be learnt in detail for healthy & peaceful life. They are
- Intrapersonal awareness -Understanding own emotions
- Interpersonal awareness -Understanding others emotions
- Intrapersonal management -Managing own emotions
- Interpersonal management -Managing others emotions
* Check yourself, how far you are successful in these areas *